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Early in the twentieth century, modernist planners believed that cities should be divided into single-function zones, each designed by an expert in its function: housing developments would be designed by "housers," industrial parks by industrial engineers, and Office Parks, Civic Centers, and Shopping Centers by other experts -- and expert transportation planners would design freeways to move people among these zones.
Now, we have learned that the modernist city does not work. The single-function developments generate intolerable traffic, and the freeways generate sprawl.
This web site lists groups that are helping to build more livable cities by working for:
- Traditional Neighborhood Design/New Urbanism: Rather than shopping centers, office parks, industrial parks, and housing developments, we need old-fashioned neighborhoods, where people can walk. This page lists groups working for Traditional Neighborhood Design, also known as "The New Urbanism."
- Limiting Automobile Use: Excessive automobile use destroys neighborhoods and cities and promotes sprawl. This page lists groups working to limit automobile use and promote alternative transportation.
- Stopping Suburban Sprawl: Suburbanization drains the vitality of older neighborhoods and creates endless urbanized regions that are dependent on the private automobile. This page lists groups working to stop sprawl.
- Stopping Superstores and Chains: Large scale superstores and chain stores displace independent shopkeepers who are a mainstay of communities, and they pave over open space and drain the vitality of older shopping districts. This page lists groups working to stop superstores and chains.
- Ecocities: These groups look at transportation and urban design as a whole. Most focus strongly on preserving the natural environment, and some tend to be utopian.
- Pedestrian Advocacy: These groups are working to promote the most important -- and most commonly forgotten -- form of transportation: walking.
- Too good to leave out: These urban planning/transportation resources do not fit into our categories, but they were too good to leave out.